Words Related to Date -How Do You Say Today’s Date in Japanese?-

How do you say today’s date in Japanese?

In Japanese, we say the year, month, and date in that order. When we say the day of the week, we say it after the date.

(きょうは、にせんにじゅういちねん じゅういちがつ ようか げつようび です。)
(Kyō wa, ni-sen-nijū-ichi-nen jū-ichi-gatsu yōka getsuyōbi desu.)
Today is Monday, November 8, 2021.

(わたしのたんじょうびは せんきゅうひゃくきゅうじゅうごねん さんがつ にじゅうごにち です。)
(Watashi no tanjōbi wa sen-kyūhyaku-kyūjū-go-nen san-gatsu nijū-go-nichi desu.)

How to say the year

Just add “年” (ねん / nen) after the number.

2021年 (にせんにじゅういちねん / nisen-nijū-ichi nen)
1990年 (せんきゅうひゃくきゅうじゅうねん / sen-kyūhyaku-kyūjū-nen)

In Japan, there is a custom to use the Japanese calendar in addition to the Western calendar. The Japanese calendar is related to the Emperor of the era, and the year 2021 is called 令和3年 (れいわ さんねん / reiwa san-nen), which is the 3rd year of the reign of the current Emperor.

Tips 1
昭和 (しょうわ / shōwa) : Dec 25, 1926 – Jan 7, 1989

平成 (へいせい / heisei) : Jan 8, 1989 – Apr 30, 2019

令和 (れいわ / reiwa) : May 1, 2019 – 

Tips 2
The first year of the emperor’s reign is called “元年” (がんねん / gan-nen). So 2019 was 令和元年 (れいわがんねん / reiwa gan-nen), as it was the first year of the reign of the current Emperor.

How to say the month

Just add “月” (がつ / gatsu) after the number (January being 1 and February being 2, and so on). 

  • January: 1月 (いちがつ / ichi-gatsu)
  • February: 2月 (にがつ / ni-gatsu)
  • March: 3月 (さんがつ / san-gatsu)
  • April: 4月 (しがつ / shi-gatsu)
  • May: 5月 (ごがつ / go-gatsu)
  • June: 6月 (ろくがつ / roku-gatsu)
  • July: 7月 (しちがつ / shichi-gatsu)
  • August: 8月 (はちがつ / hachi-gatsu)
  • September: 9月 (くがつ / ku-gatsu)
  • October: 10月 (じゅうがつ / jū-gatsu)
  • November: 11月 (じゅういちがつ / jūichi-gatsu)
  • December: 12月 (じゅうにがつ / jūni-gatsu)

How to say the date

Just put “日” (にち / nichi) after the number. There are special ways to pronounce the date 1st to the 10th; from the 11th and up, just pronounce 「日 (にち / nichi)」 after the number.

  • 1日: ついたち (tsuitachi)
  • 2日: ふつか (futsuka)
  • 3日: みっか (mikka)
  • 4日: よっか (yokka)
  • 5日: いつか (itsuka)
  • 6日: むいか (muika)
  • 7日: なのか (nanoka)
  • 8日: ようか (yōka)
  • 9日: ここのか (kokonoka)
  • 10日: とおか (tōka)

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